The medical term for a sty is hordeolum (plural, hordeola). A stye is a small boil on the eyelid. It may look quite alarming if the eye closes up, but homeopathic treatment usually brings a response. A Stye is a common infection of the hair follicle of an eyelash, resembling a sore similar to a boil or a pimple in the gland at the edge of the eyelid which leads to blockage of the hair follicles that may become swollen, nuisance and painful to the touch.
A sty results from an infection of the oil glands of the eyelid (meibomian glands) that help to lubricate the eyeball
A sty also may arise from an infected hair follicle at the base of an eyelash. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus that frequently is found on the skin
The term external hordeolum has been used to refer to a sty that develops at the base of an eyelash involving a hair follicle of the eyelid, whereas the term internal hordeolum refers to a sty arising due to an inflamed meibomian gland under the eyelid.
Styes may be treated by making a decoction (prepared from the roots, seeds, stems and other parts of the plants that are boiled in water) of eyebright and chamomile, to help reduce the inflammation. Marigold can be taken internally to stimulate the lymphatic system.
This disease appears due to debilitated condition of the system. A diagnosis by a physician is not required but advisable because a chalazion can be mistaken for a stye. Chalazion is a non-bacterial lump on the eyelid caused by a blocked mucous gland under the eye. Your physician may examine your eyelid to determine the cause of the infection. This condition may also appear as result from blocking of the gland by dirt or due to error of refraction.
Sometimes, the infection disappears quickly, without forming into a red swelling. But other styes worsen rapidly until the eyelid swells up. In the final stages, the stye will burst and discharge pus, causing the eyelid to stick together during the night in severe cases.
- A common sign of a sty is a small, yellowish spot at the center of the bump that represents pus rising to the surface.
-pain in the eye or eyelid, especially when blinking or to the touch
-redness of the eyelid itself
-blurred vision of the affected eye
-swelling of the eyelid
-Tearing of the eye
-Discomfort when blinking
Complications of a sty are rare. The infection may spread to other eyelash follicles, leading to multiple styes. A chalazion (a form of scarring of the glands in the eyelid that may include the formation of cysts) is the most common complication that develops from a sty.
Other potential complications include a generalized infection (cellulitis or blepharitis) of the eyelid, and improper drainage of a sty may lead to deformity or disruption of growth of eyelashes.
Treatment is usually either medical or surgical. Particularly for small ones, medical treatment may be advisable.
Surgery is the last resort in stye treatment. Styes that do not respond to any type of therapies are usually surgically removed. Stye surgery is performed by an ophthalmologist, and generally under local anesthesia. The procedure consists of making a small incision on the inner or outer surface of the eyelid, depending if the stye is pointing externally or not. After the incision is made, the pus is drained out of the gland, and very small and unnoticeable sutures are used to close the lesion. It is common for the removed stye to be sent for histopathological examination to rule out the possibility of skin cancer.
Some children seem more prone to these infections than others.
Medicines with Haridra (Curcuma longa), Triphala (Three fruits), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), and Kapur, purified camphor and Rose water are also used as eye drops.
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